Gadolinium metal has not only special nuclear-physical properties, but also manufacturability. The main areas of application of gadolinium are electronics and atomic technology. A number of alloys of gadolinium and especially an alloy with cobalt and iron allows you to create information carriers with a tremendous recording density.
In a small volume, gadolinium is used to obtain ultra-low temperatures in scientific research.
As one of the basic components included in the composition of superconducting ceramics.
Density: 7,897 g / cm3;
Melting point: 1312 ° C;
Boiling point: 3272 ° C;
Gadolinium was discovered in 1880 by Jean Charles de Marignac, who detected its oxide by using spectroscopy. It is named after the mineral gadolinite, one of the minerals in which gadolinium is found, itself named for the chemist Johan Gadolin. Pure gadolinium was first isolated by the chemist Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran around 1886.
Gadolinium possesses unusual metallurgical properties, to the extent that as little as 1% of gadolinium can significantly improve the workability and resistance to oxidation at high temperatures of iron, chromium, and related metals. Gadolinium as a metal or a salt absorbs neutrons and is, therefore, used sometimes for shielding in neutron radiography and in nuclear reactors.
Like most of the rare earths, gadolinium forms trivalent ions with fluorescent properties, and salts of gadolinium(III) are used as phosphors in various applications
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Gadolinium metal chemical properties: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gadolinium
Full list of rare-earth metal products: https://tradingwm.ae/product-category/metal-products/rare-earth-metals/
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