The value of titanium for modern industry is very high. Lightness, high specific strength, vibration strength and fracture resistance, resistance to creep and corrosion resistance made titanium and its alloys irreplaceable materials in the construction of airplanes, rockets, spacecraft and ships, in chemical and power engineering and in many other areas.
The use of titanium as a structural material due to the favorable combination of its high mechanical strength, corrosion resistance, heat resistance and low density. Significantly improves the mechanical and corrosion properties of titanium by doping it with manganese, chromium, aluminum, molybdenum, silicon and boron.
These properties of titanium are of particular interest for aircraft and rocket production. At elevated temperatures, titanium alloys are superior in strength to high-strength alloys of aluminum and magnesium. Titanium-based alloys are increasingly used in the construction of ships, road and rail. Increased corrosion resistance causes the use of titanium and its alloys in chemical and metallurgical engineering, in the manufacture of medical instruments and in other areas.
Pure titanium is used in the electrovacuum industry for the manufacture of electronic equipment parts. These properties of titanium are of particular interest for aircraft and rocket production. At elevated temperatures, titanium alloys are superior in strength to high-strength alloys of aluminum and magnesium. Titanium-based alloys are increasingly used in the construction of ships, road and rail. Increased corrosion resistance causes the use of titanium and its alloys in chemical and metallurgical engineering, in the manufacture of medical instruments and in other areas. Technical titanium is used for the manufacture of containers, chemical reactors, pipelines, valves, pumps and other products operating in aggressive environments, for example, in chemical engineering. In nonferrous metal hydrometallurgy, titanium equipment is used. It serves to coat steel. The use of titanium in many cases gives a great technical and economic effect, not only due to the increased service life of the equipment, but also the possibility of intensifying processes (for example, in nickel hydrometallurgy). The biological safety of titanium makes it an excellent material for the manufacture of equipment for the food industry and in reconstructive surgery. Under the conditions of deep cold, the strength of titanium increases while maintaining good plasticity, which allows it to be used as a structural material for cryogenic engineering. Titan lends itself well to polishing, color anodizing and other methods of surface finishing and therefore goes for the manufacture of structures of bridges, walls and roofs of buildings, their interior decoration, various art products, including monumental sculpture, etc.
Pure titanium is used in the electrovacuum industry for the manufacture of electronic equipment parts
|Melting temperature||1670||° C|
|Boiling temperature||3290||° C|
The following table show the main titanium alloys :
|Impurities, not more (%)|
|Alloy type||Ti||Al||V||Mo||Sn||Zr||Nb||Mn||Cr||Si||Fe||O||H||N||C||Other impurities total|
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